Causes of prostatitis, symptoms and methods of treatment of the disease

The most common pathology of the genitourinary system in men is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland. According to statistics, prostatitis is diagnosed in every 10 patients of mature age. Without proper treatment, the disease progresses rapidly, leads to serious complications and affects a man's sex life.

normal and enlarged prostate with prostatitis

Symptoms of the disease

Any disease is easier to treat when it has been diagnosed at an early stage. Prostatitis occurs in both acute and complicated form - chronic, which occurs in cases of neglected inflammation of the prostate. Symptoms and treatment of the disease differ and depend on the stage and type. In the acute course of pathology, a man experiences:

groin pain with prostatitis
  1. Difficulty urinating. One of the first signs is problems with the passage of urine due to the narrowing of the ureter. In the early stages, the prostate begins to grow in size and slightly compresses the ducts.
  2. Pain in the lower abdomen, which is most often disturbed after physical exertion or at the end of the day. Pain in sensation and intensity are different: they can be pulling, sharp, aching. They then spread through the scrotum and penis and are administered into the rectum during defecation. The disease provokes the occurrence of constipation, which only increases the inflammatory process in the prostate gland.
  3. Frequent urination. A man who has not woken up previously to empty his bladder may go to the toilet 1-2 times a night at the onset of the illness. With the transition of prostatitis to another form, the urge to urinate decreases. He gives the impression of overcrowded bladder and, after going to the bathroom, incomplete emptying.
  4. Visual change in urine. Already in the early stages of the development of pathology in the urine, it is possible to detect impurities of pus or blood.
  5. The occurrence of sexual dysfunction. Men experience erection problems and severe pain during ejaculation.
  6. Prolonged increase in body temperature in the region of 39 degrees, which is accompanied by chills, weakness and muscle aches.

Most of the symptoms of the disease manifest themselves clearly. The task of men is to carefully monitor the state of their body and its changes, not to miss the first signs and not to let the pathology turn into a chronic stage.

The first manifestations of inflammation of the prostate gland in the representatives of the stronger sex in a neglected form are almost the same as in the acute phase of the disease. But they are accompanied by symptoms such as:

decreased libido with prostatitis
  1. Decreased libido, disappearance of erection during intercourse, detection of blood in the sperm.
  2. Frequent urge to urinate, fullness of the bladder, white flakes in the urine. During an exacerbation, a man may be completely deprived of the ability to empty his bladder, as the inflamed prostate blocks the passage of urine into the urethra.
  3. Depression, insomnia or sleepiness. Men suffering from a disease such as prostatitis often experience bouts of anger or aggression associated with a psycho-emotional disorder.

To avoid errors in making the correct diagnosis, it makes sense to be examined by different doctors and in different institutions. Symptoms and treatment of prostatitis, like any other disease of the genitourinary system, is not a problem that needs to be delayed or saved on health.

Reasons for development

It is almost impossible to determine the root cause of the pathology. At the same time, there are not so few provoking factors, each of them is very serious, especially considering the male habit of neglecting health. Main reason:

hypothermia as a cause of prostatitis
  1. The formation of congestion in the pelvic region. They are characterized by slow blood circulation, in which the nutrition of the tissues deteriorates, edema occurs, and the functioning of the capillaries is disrupted.
  2. Hypothermia. After freezing even once, men themselves provoke the development of inflammation of the prostate gland.
  3. A sedentary lifestyle, in which the representatives of the stronger sex sit for hours in one position. No less harmful is the work associated with vibrations (tractor operators, drivers). With constant shaking, the perineum is injured and the organs in the pelvic region are weakened, which creates additional conditions for the onset of inflammation.
  4. Transferred STDs. Sexually transmitted infections cannot bypass the prostate. Even after treatment, immunity decreases and the prostate gland becomes vulnerable.
  5. Stool retention. Constipation creates increased stress when emptying the rectum, traumatizing the prostate. In addition, stagnation is intensified and reverse absorption of toxins occurs, including in the prostate gland located nearby.
  6. Extremes in intimate life. Deficiency and excess of sex equally negatively affect reproductive health. With excessive activity, the prostate wears out and abstinence increases stagnation in it.
  7. Interruption of sexual intercourse. As a contraceptive method, it is recognized as ineffective and harmful to men's health. Attempts to control an already underway physiological process are very harmful.
  8. Abuse of alcoholic beverages, malnutrition. These two factors lead to swelling of the prostate and the onset of malignant neoplasms.
  9. Urological diseases. Due to the close anatomical connection with the reproductive system, inflammatory processes in the urinary system can penetrate a little lower and affect the prostate.

By identifying the causes that contributed to the development of inflammation, the urologist individually selects the treatment, excluding adverse factors.

Methods of treatment

Treatment of inflammation of the prostate gland must be comprehensive. After diagnosing the disease, the doctor, as a rule, prescribes an individual treatment regimen. To achieve a positive effect, the patient needs at least 4-6 months. Today, many different methods of treatment are used, including drug therapy, the use of physiotherapy procedures, and massage. In official medicine, these methods are recognized as the most effective and safest for the health of the stronger sex.

consultation with a doctor for prostatitis

Qualified psychotherapy is considered an equally important measure, since the constant painful sensations and problems that have arisen in intimate life negatively affect not only the patient's general well-being, but also her psychological state.

Medical therapy

Surgical treatment is indicated in cases where medical measures have not led to a result or the prostate gland blocks the outflow of urine. Surgery can lead to infertility, so it is not prescribed for young men.

medicines for prostatitis

Antibacterial therapy is carried out with infectious prostatitis. When the cause of the disease is not bacteria or viruses, antibiotic treatment is considered meaningless. To relax the muscles of the prostate, improve urine outflow and relieve pain in the perineal region, alpha blockers are used.

Muscle relaxants will help reduce pain and eliminate muscle tension in the pelvic region. Severely ill patients are prescribed droppers with diuretics, which contribute to the abundant release of urine and prevent further intoxication of the body.

The course of treatment should be completed to the end, even if the symptoms of the disease have completely disappeared. The signs of prostatitis often disappear at the beginning of antibiotic therapy, but when treatment is stopped, they become chronic.

Non-bacterial prostatitis requires a different treatment regimen. It consists in taking analgesics and antipyretics.

Simultaneously with the main treatment, the urologist prescribes supportive therapy, which includes bed rest, drinking plenty of water and taking sitz baths. Patients must follow a diet that limits alcohol, caffeine, fatty and spicy foods.

prostate massage for prostatitis

For chronic inflammation of the prostate gland, the most effective remedy is regular prostate massage, which reduces the likelihood of re-inflammation. The course of treatment consists of 10 sessions. A contraindication to the procedures is rectal cancer and exacerbation of prostatitis.

Physiotherapy is used not only as a treatment, but also for the purpose of prevention. It improves blood circulation, increases muscle tone, accelerates tissue regeneration and increases cell permeability. It is forbidden to use this method for hypertension, temperature, epilepsy, cancer, urolithiasis, anemia, diseases of the kidneys and cardiovascular system.

The use of rectal suppositories reduces the negative impact on the functioning of internal organs. Suppositories may contain antibiotics, herbs, antispasmodics. They eliminate swelling, relieve inflammation and restore urination.

Folk ways

Pathological therapy at home using alternative medicine recipes is effective only at an initial stage. There are many ways to eliminate the main symptoms of inflammation:

pumpkin seeds for prostatitispine decoction for prostatitis
  1. Fried pumpkin seeds (500 g) are twisted in a meat grinder, then honey (200 g) is added and mixed thoroughly. From the pumpkin and honey mixture, the balls are no bigger than a walnut. They dissolve half an hour before each meal, 1 piece for 2-3 minutes. The product can be kept in the refrigerator. Pumpkin seeds contain a large amount of zinc, which is necessary to maintain the normal functioning of the genitourinary system.
  2. The crushed and dried poplar bark (100 g) is placed in a half-liter jar and poured with vodka (200 g). The container is tightly closed, left to infuse in a dark place. After two weeks, the tincture is filtered and consumed 20 drops, diluted in a quarter of a glass of water, 3 times a day before meals.
  3. Honey (1 teaspoon), egg (1 teaspoon) are mixed with rye flour (3 tablespoons), thin suppositories are obtained from the dough, the diameter of which should not exceed 1 cm Candles are stored in the refrigerator . In the morning and evening they are inserted into the anus after emptying the rectum. The course of treatment is about 4 weeks, then they take a break and repeat the therapy.
  4. Small onions (3 pieces) are rubbed on a fine grater, poured with boiling water (3 tablespoons) and insist for a day. The decoction is taken in 50 ml every hour.
  5. Pine branches (200 g) together with boiled water (2 l) are boiled over low heat for 2-3 hours. After boiling, the decoction turns into an extract. Prepare such a concentrate immediately before taking a hot bath. The water level should not be higher than the middle of the chest. The pelvic area is rubbed with the drug for 15 minutes until redness appears. Therapy is carried out every day for 2 weeks. Baths have an antimicrobial effect, anesthetize and improve urination.

No matter how good the effect of folk remedies is, it is difficult for them to compete with the results of pharmacology. The most correct and effective solution will be an integrated approach to the treatment of prostatitis.